BackendUserAuthentication.php 114 KB
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<?php
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/*
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 * This file is part of the TYPO3 CMS project.
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 *
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 * It is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
 * the terms of the GNU General Public License, either version 2
 * of the License, or any later version.
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 *
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 * For the full copyright and license information, please read the
 * LICENSE.txt file that was distributed with this source code.
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 *
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 * The TYPO3 project - inspiring people to share!
 */
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namespace TYPO3\CMS\Core\Authentication;

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use Doctrine\DBAL\Driver\Statement;
use Psr\Http\Message\ServerRequestInterface;
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use TYPO3\CMS\Backend\Configuration\TypoScript\ConditionMatching\ConditionMatcher;
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use TYPO3\CMS\Backend\Utility\BackendUtility;
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use TYPO3\CMS\Core\Cache\CacheManager;
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use TYPO3\CMS\Core\Core\Environment;
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use TYPO3\CMS\Core\Database\Connection;
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use TYPO3\CMS\Core\Database\ConnectionPool;
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use TYPO3\CMS\Core\Database\Query\Expression\ExpressionBuilder;
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use TYPO3\CMS\Core\Database\Query\QueryHelper;
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use TYPO3\CMS\Core\Database\Query\Restriction\DeletedRestriction;
use TYPO3\CMS\Core\Database\Query\Restriction\HiddenRestriction;
use TYPO3\CMS\Core\Database\Query\Restriction\RootLevelRestriction;
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use TYPO3\CMS\Core\Database\Query\Restriction\WorkspaceRestriction;
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use TYPO3\CMS\Core\FormProtection\FormProtectionFactory;
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use TYPO3\CMS\Core\Mail\FluidEmail;
use TYPO3\CMS\Core\Mail\Mailer;
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use TYPO3\CMS\Core\Resource\Exception;
use TYPO3\CMS\Core\Resource\Filter\FileNameFilter;
use TYPO3\CMS\Core\Resource\Folder;
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use TYPO3\CMS\Core\Resource\ResourceFactory;
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use TYPO3\CMS\Core\Resource\ResourceStorage;
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use TYPO3\CMS\Core\Resource\StorageRepository;
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use TYPO3\CMS\Core\SysLog\Action as SystemLogGenericAction;
use TYPO3\CMS\Core\SysLog\Action\Login as SystemLogLoginAction;
use TYPO3\CMS\Core\SysLog\Error as SystemLogErrorClassification;
use TYPO3\CMS\Core\SysLog\Type as SystemLogType;
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use TYPO3\CMS\Core\Type\Bitmask\JsConfirmation;
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use TYPO3\CMS\Core\Type\Bitmask\Permission;
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use TYPO3\CMS\Core\Type\Exception\InvalidEnumerationValueException;
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use TYPO3\CMS\Core\TypoScript\Parser\TypoScriptParser;
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use TYPO3\CMS\Core\Utility\ExtensionManagementUtility;
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use TYPO3\CMS\Core\Utility\GeneralUtility;
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use TYPO3\CMS\Core\Utility\HttpUtility;
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use TYPO3\CMS\Install\Service\SessionService;
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/**
 * TYPO3 backend user authentication
 * Contains most of the functions used for checking permissions, authenticating users,
 * setting up the user, and API for user from outside.
 * This class contains the configuration of the database fields used plus some
 * functions for the authentication process of backend users.
 */
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class BackendUserAuthentication extends AbstractUserAuthentication
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{
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    public const ROLE_SYSTEMMAINTAINER = 'systemMaintainer';

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    /**
     * Should be set to the usergroup-column (id-list) in the user-record
     * @var string
     */
    public $usergroup_column = 'usergroup';

    /**
     * The name of the group-table
     * @var string
     */
    public $usergroup_table = 'be_groups';

    /**
     * holds lists of eg. tables, fields and other values related to the permission-system. See fetchGroupData
     * @var array
     * @internal
     */
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    public $groupData = [
        'filemounts' => []
    ];
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    /**
     * This array will hold the groups that the user is a member of
     * @var array
     */
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    public $userGroups = [];
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    /**
     * This array holds the uid's of the groups in the listed order
     * @var array
     */
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    public $userGroupsUID = [];
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    /**
     * This is $this->userGroupsUID imploded to a comma list... Will correspond to the 'usergroup_cached_list'
     * @var string
     */
    public $groupList = '';

    /**
     * User workspace.
     * -99 is ERROR (none available)
     * 0 is online
     * >0 is custom workspaces
     * @var int
     */
    public $workspace = -99;

    /**
     * Custom workspace record if any
     * @var array
     */
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    public $workspaceRec = [];
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    /**
     * Used to accumulate data for the user-group.
     * DON NOT USE THIS EXTERNALLY!
     * Use $this->groupData instead
     * @var array
     * @internal
     */
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    public $dataLists = [
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        'webmount_list' => '',
        'filemount_list' => '',
        'file_permissions' => '',
        'modList' => '',
        'tables_select' => '',
        'tables_modify' => '',
        'pagetypes_select' => '',
        'non_exclude_fields' => '',
        'explicit_allowdeny' => '',
        'allowed_languages' => '',
        'workspace_perms' => '',
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        'available_widgets' => '',
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        'custom_options' => ''
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    ];
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    /**
     * List of group_id's in the order they are processed.
     * @var array
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     * @internal should only be used from within TYPO3 Core
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     */
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    public $includeGroupArray = [];
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    /**
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     * @var array Parsed user TSconfig
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     */
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    protected $userTS = [];
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    /**
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     * @var bool True if the user TSconfig was parsed and needs to be cached.
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     */
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    protected $userTSUpdated = false;
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    /**
     * Contains last error message
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     * @internal should only be used from within TYPO3 Core
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     * @var string
     */
    public $errorMsg = '';

    /**
     * Cache for checkWorkspaceCurrent()
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     * @var array|null
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     */
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    protected $checkWorkspaceCurrent_cache;
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    /**
     * @var \TYPO3\CMS\Core\Resource\ResourceStorage[]
     */
    protected $fileStorages;

    /**
     * @var array
     */
    protected $filePermissions;

    /**
     * Table in database with user data
     * @var string
     */
    public $user_table = 'be_users';

    /**
     * Column for login-name
     * @var string
     */
    public $username_column = 'username';

    /**
     * Column for password
     * @var string
     */
    public $userident_column = 'password';

    /**
     * Column for user-id
     * @var string
     */
    public $userid_column = 'uid';

    /**
     * @var string
     */
    public $lastLogin_column = 'lastlogin';

    /**
     * @var array
     */
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    public $enablecolumns = [
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        'rootLevel' => 1,
        'deleted' => 'deleted',
        'disabled' => 'disable',
        'starttime' => 'starttime',
        'endtime' => 'endtime'
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    ];
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    /**
     * Form field with login-name
     * @var string
     */
    public $formfield_uname = 'username';

    /**
     * Form field with password
     * @var string
     */
    public $formfield_uident = 'userident';

    /**
     * Form field with status: *'login', 'logout'
     * @var string
     */
    public $formfield_status = 'login_status';

    /**
     * Decides if the writelog() function is called at login and logout
     * @var bool
     */
    public $writeStdLog = true;

    /**
     * If the writelog() functions is called if a login-attempt has be tried without success
     * @var bool
     */
    public $writeAttemptLog = true;

    /**
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     * Session timeout (on the server), defaults to 8 hours for backend user
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     *
     * If >0: session-timeout in seconds.
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     * If <=0: Instant logout after login.
     * The value must be at least 180 to avoid side effects.
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     *
     * @var int
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     * @internal should only be used from within TYPO3 Core
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     */
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    public $sessionTimeout = 28800;
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    /**
     * @var int
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     * @internal should only be used from within TYPO3 Core
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     */
    public $firstMainGroup = 0;

    /**
     * User Config
     * @var array
     */
    public $uc;

    /**
     * User Config Default values:
     * The array may contain other fields for configuration.
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     * For this, see "setup" extension and "TSconfig" document (User TSconfig, "setup.[xxx]....")
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     * Reserved keys for other storage of session data:
     * moduleData
     * moduleSessionID
     * @var array
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     * @internal should only be used from within TYPO3 Core
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     */
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    public $uc_default = [
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        'interfaceSetup' => '',
        // serialized content that is used to store interface pane and menu positions. Set by the logout.php-script
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        'moduleData' => [],
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        // user-data for the modules
        'thumbnailsByDefault' => 1,
        'emailMeAtLogin' => 0,
        'titleLen' => 50,
        'edit_RTE' => '1',
        'edit_docModuleUpload' => '1',
        'resizeTextareas' => 1,
        'resizeTextareas_MaxHeight' => 500,
        'resizeTextareas_Flexible' => 0
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    ];
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    /**
     * Login type, used for services.
     * @var string
     */
    public $loginType = 'BE';

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    /**
     * Constructor
     */
    public function __construct()
    {
        $this->name = self::getCookieName();
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        $this->warningEmail = $GLOBALS['TYPO3_CONF_VARS']['BE']['warning_email_addr'];
        $this->sessionTimeout = (int)$GLOBALS['TYPO3_CONF_VARS']['BE']['sessionTimeout'];
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        parent::__construct();
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    }

    /**
     * Returns TRUE if user is admin
     * Basically this function evaluates if the ->user[admin] field has bit 0 set. If so, user is admin.
     *
     * @return bool
     */
    public function isAdmin()
    {
        return is_array($this->user) && ($this->user['admin'] & 1) == 1;
    }

    /**
     * Returns TRUE if the current user is a member of group $groupId
     * $groupId must be set. $this->groupList must contain groups
     * Will return TRUE also if the user is a member of a group through subgroups.
     *
     * @param int $groupId Group ID to look for in $this->groupList
     * @return bool
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     * @internal should only be used from within TYPO3 Core, use Context API for quicker access
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     */
    public function isMemberOfGroup($groupId)
    {
        $groupId = (int)$groupId;
        if ($this->groupList && $groupId) {
            return GeneralUtility::inList($this->groupList, $groupId);
        }
        return false;
    }

    /**
     * Checks if the permissions is granted based on a page-record ($row) and $perms (binary and'ed)
     *
     * Bits for permissions, see $perms variable:
     *
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     * 1  - Show:             See/Copy page and the pagecontent.
     * 2  - Edit page:        Change/Move the page, eg. change title, startdate, hidden.
     * 4  - Delete page:      Delete the page and pagecontent.
     * 8  - New pages:        Create new pages under the page.
     * 16 - Edit pagecontent: Change/Add/Delete/Move pagecontent.
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     *
     * @param array $row Is the pagerow for which the permissions is checked
     * @param int $perms Is the binary representation of the permission we are going to check. Every bit in this number represents a permission that must be set. See function explanation.
     * @return bool
     */
    public function doesUserHaveAccess($row, $perms)
    {
        $userPerms = $this->calcPerms($row);
        return ($userPerms & $perms) == $perms;
    }

    /**
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     * Checks if the page id or page record ($idOrRow) is found within the webmounts set up for the user.
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     * This should ALWAYS be checked for any page id a user works with, whether it's about reading, writing or whatever.
     * The point is that this will add the security that a user can NEVER touch parts outside his mounted
     * pages in the page tree. This is otherwise possible if the raw page permissions allows for it.
     * So this security check just makes it easier to make safe user configurations.
     * If the user is admin OR if this feature is disabled
     * (fx. by setting TYPO3_CONF_VARS['BE']['lockBeUserToDBmounts']=0) then it returns "1" right away
     * Otherwise the function will return the uid of the webmount which was first found in the rootline of the input page $id
     *
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     * @param int|array $idOrRow Page ID or full page record to check
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     * @param string $readPerms Content of "->getPagePermsClause(1)" (read-permissions). If not set, they will be internally calculated (but if you have the correct value right away you can save that database lookup!)
     * @param bool|int $exitOnError If set, then the function will exit with an error message.
     * @throws \RuntimeException
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     * @return int|null The page UID of a page in the rootline that matched a mount point
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     */
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    public function isInWebMount($idOrRow, $readPerms = '', $exitOnError = 0)
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    {
        if (!$GLOBALS['TYPO3_CONF_VARS']['BE']['lockBeUserToDBmounts'] || $this->isAdmin()) {
            return 1;
        }
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        $checkRec = [];
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        $fetchPageFromDatabase = true;
        if (is_array($idOrRow)) {
            if (empty($idOrRow['uid'])) {
                throw new \RuntimeException('The given page record is invalid. Missing uid.', 1578950324);
            }
            $checkRec = $idOrRow;
            $id = (int)$idOrRow['uid'];
            // ensure the required fields are present on the record
            if (isset($checkRec['t3ver_oid'], $checkRec[$GLOBALS['TCA']['pages']['ctrl']['languageField']], $checkRec[$GLOBALS['TCA']['pages']['ctrl']['transOrigPointerField']])) {
                $fetchPageFromDatabase = false;
            }
        } else {
            $id = (int)$idOrRow;
        }
        if ($fetchPageFromDatabase) {
            // Check if input id is an offline version page in which case we will map id to the online version:
            $checkRec = BackendUtility::getRecord(
                'pages',
                $id,
                't3ver_oid,'
                . $GLOBALS['TCA']['pages']['ctrl']['transOrigPointerField'] . ','
                . $GLOBALS['TCA']['pages']['ctrl']['languageField']
            );
        }
        if ($checkRec['t3ver_oid'] > 0) {
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            $id = (int)$checkRec['t3ver_oid'];
        }
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        // if current rec is a translation then get uid from l10n_parent instead
        // because web mounts point to pages in default language and rootline returns uids of default languages
        if ((int)$checkRec[$GLOBALS['TCA']['pages']['ctrl']['languageField']] !== 0 && (int)$checkRec[$GLOBALS['TCA']['pages']['ctrl']['transOrigPointerField']] !== 0) {
            $id = (int)$checkRec[$GLOBALS['TCA']['pages']['ctrl']['transOrigPointerField']];
        }
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        if (!$readPerms) {
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            $readPerms = $this->getPagePermsClause(Permission::PAGE_SHOW);
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        }
        if ($id > 0) {
            $wM = $this->returnWebmounts();
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            $rL = BackendUtility::BEgetRootLine($id, ' AND ' . $readPerms, true);
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            foreach ($rL as $v) {
                if ($v['uid'] && in_array($v['uid'], $wM)) {
                    return $v['uid'];
                }
            }
        }
        if ($exitOnError) {
            throw new \RuntimeException('Access Error: This page is not within your DB-mounts', 1294586445);
        }
        return null;
    }

    /**
     * Checks access to a backend module with the $MCONF passed as first argument
     *
     * @param array $conf $MCONF array of a backend module!
     * @throws \RuntimeException
     * @return bool Will return TRUE if $MCONF['access'] is not set at all, if the BE_USER is admin or if the module is enabled in the be_users/be_groups records of the user (specifically enabled). Will return FALSE if the module name is not even found in $TBE_MODULES
     */
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    public function modAccess($conf)
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    {
        if (!BackendUtility::isModuleSetInTBE_MODULES($conf['name'])) {
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            throw new \RuntimeException('Fatal Error: This module "' . $conf['name'] . '" is not enabled in TBE_MODULES', 1294586446);
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        }
        // Workspaces check:
        if (
            !empty($conf['workspaces'])
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            && ExtensionManagementUtility::isLoaded('workspaces')
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            && ($this->workspace !== 0 || !GeneralUtility::inList($conf['workspaces'], 'online'))
            && ($this->workspace !== -1 || !GeneralUtility::inList($conf['workspaces'], 'offline'))
            && ($this->workspace <= 0 || !GeneralUtility::inList($conf['workspaces'], 'custom'))
        ) {
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            throw new \RuntimeException('Workspace Error: This module "' . $conf['name'] . '" is not available under the current workspace', 1294586447);
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        }
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        // Returns false if conf[access] is set to system maintainers and the user is system maintainer
        if (strpos($conf['access'], self::ROLE_SYSTEMMAINTAINER) !== false && !$this->isSystemMaintainer()) {
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            throw new \RuntimeException('This module "' . $conf['name'] . '" is only available as system maintainer', 1504804727);
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        }
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        // Returns TRUE if conf[access] is not set at all or if the user is admin
        if (!$conf['access'] || $this->isAdmin()) {
            return true;
        }
        // If $conf['access'] is set but not with 'admin' then we return TRUE, if the module is found in the modList
        $acs = false;
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        if (strpos($conf['access'], 'admin') === false && $conf['name']) {
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            $acs = $this->check('modules', $conf['name']);
        }
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        if (!$acs) {
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            throw new \RuntimeException('Access Error: You don\'t have access to this module.', 1294586448);
        }
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        return $acs;
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    }

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    /**
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     * Checks if the user is in the valid list of allowed system maintainers. if the list is not set,
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     * then all admins are system maintainers. If the list is empty, no one is system maintainer (good for production
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     * systems). If the currently logged in user is in "switch user" mode, this method will return false.
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     *
     * @return bool
     */
    public function isSystemMaintainer(): bool
    {
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        if (!$this->isAdmin()) {
            return false;
        }

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        if ((int)$GLOBALS['BE_USER']->user['ses_backuserid'] !== 0) {
            return false;
        }
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        if (Environment::getContext()->isDevelopment()) {
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            return true;
        }
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        $systemMaintainers = $GLOBALS['TYPO3_CONF_VARS']['SYS']['systemMaintainers'] ?? [];
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        $systemMaintainers = array_map('intval', $systemMaintainers);
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        if (!empty($systemMaintainers)) {
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            return in_array((int)$this->user['uid'], $systemMaintainers, true);
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        }
        // No system maintainers set up yet, so any admin is allowed to access the modules
        // but explicitly no system maintainers allowed (empty string in TYPO3_CONF_VARS).
        // @todo: this needs to be adjusted once system maintainers can log into the install tool with their credentials
        if (isset($GLOBALS['TYPO3_CONF_VARS']['SYS']['systemMaintainers'])
            && empty($GLOBALS['TYPO3_CONF_VARS']['SYS']['systemMaintainers'])) {
            return false;
        }
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        return true;
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    }

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    /**
     * Returns a WHERE-clause for the pages-table where user permissions according to input argument, $perms, is validated.
     * $perms is the "mask" used to select. Fx. if $perms is 1 then you'll get all pages that a user can actually see!
     * 2^0 = show (1)
     * 2^1 = edit (2)
     * 2^2 = delete (4)
     * 2^3 = new (8)
     * If the user is 'admin' " 1=1" is returned (no effect)
     * If the user is not set at all (->user is not an array), then " 1=0" is returned (will cause no selection results at all)
     * The 95% use of this function is "->getPagePermsClause(1)" which will
     * return WHERE clauses for *selecting* pages in backend listings - in other words this will check read permissions.
     *
     * @param int $perms Permission mask to use, see function description
     * @return string Part of where clause. Prefix " AND " to this.
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     * @internal should only be used from within TYPO3 Core, use PagePermissionDatabaseRestriction instead.
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     */
    public function getPagePermsClause($perms)
    {
        if (is_array($this->user)) {
            if ($this->isAdmin()) {
                return ' 1=1';
            }
            // Make sure it's integer.
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            $perms = (int)$perms;
            $expressionBuilder = GeneralUtility::makeInstance(ConnectionPool::class)
                ->getQueryBuilderForTable('pages')
                ->expr();

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            // User
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            $constraint = $expressionBuilder->orX(
                $expressionBuilder->comparison(
                    $expressionBuilder->bitAnd('pages.perms_everybody', $perms),
                    ExpressionBuilder::EQ,
                    $perms
                ),
                $expressionBuilder->andX(
                    $expressionBuilder->eq('pages.perms_userid', (int)$this->user['uid']),
                    $expressionBuilder->comparison(
                        $expressionBuilder->bitAnd('pages.perms_user', $perms),
                        ExpressionBuilder::EQ,
                        $perms
                    )
                )
            );

            // Group (if any is set)
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            if ($this->groupList) {
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                $constraint->add(
                    $expressionBuilder->andX(
                        $expressionBuilder->in(
                            'pages.perms_groupid',
                            GeneralUtility::intExplode(',', $this->groupList)
                        ),
                        $expressionBuilder->comparison(
                            $expressionBuilder->bitAnd('pages.perms_group', $perms),
                            ExpressionBuilder::EQ,
                            $perms
                        )
                    )
                );
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            }
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            $constraint = ' (' . (string)$constraint . ')';

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            // ****************
            // getPagePermsClause-HOOK
            // ****************
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            foreach ($GLOBALS['TYPO3_CONF_VARS']['SC_OPTIONS']['t3lib/class.t3lib_userauthgroup.php']['getPagePermsClause'] ?? [] as $_funcRef) {
                $_params = ['currentClause' => $constraint, 'perms' => $perms];
                $constraint = GeneralUtility::callUserFunction($_funcRef, $_params, $this);
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            }
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            return $constraint;
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        }
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        return ' 1=0';
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    }

    /**
     * Returns a combined binary representation of the current users permissions for the page-record, $row.
     * The perms for user, group and everybody is OR'ed together (provided that the page-owner is the user
     * and for the groups that the user is a member of the group.
     * If the user is admin, 31 is returned	(full permissions for all five flags)
     *
     * @param array $row Input page row with all perms_* fields available.
     * @return int Bitwise representation of the users permissions in relation to input page row, $row
     */
    public function calcPerms($row)
    {
        // Return 31 for admin users.
        if ($this->isAdmin()) {
            return Permission::ALL;
        }
        // Return 0 if page is not within the allowed web mount
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        if (!$this->isInWebMount($row)) {
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            return Permission::NOTHING;
        }
        $out = Permission::NOTHING;
        if (
            isset($row['perms_userid']) && isset($row['perms_user']) && isset($row['perms_groupid'])
            && isset($row['perms_group']) && isset($row['perms_everybody']) && isset($this->groupList)
        ) {
            if ($this->user['uid'] == $row['perms_userid']) {
                $out |= $row['perms_user'];
            }
            if ($this->isMemberOfGroup($row['perms_groupid'])) {
                $out |= $row['perms_group'];
            }
            $out |= $row['perms_everybody'];
        }
        // ****************
        // CALCPERMS hook
        // ****************
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        foreach ($GLOBALS['TYPO3_CONF_VARS']['SC_OPTIONS']['t3lib/class.t3lib_userauthgroup.php']['calcPerms'] ?? [] as $_funcRef) {
            $_params = [
                'row' => $row,
                'outputPermissions' => $out
            ];
            $out = GeneralUtility::callUserFunction($_funcRef, $_params, $this);
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        }
        return $out;
    }

    /**
     * Returns TRUE if the RTE (Rich Text Editor) is enabled for the user.
     *
     * @return bool
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     * @internal should only be used from within TYPO3 Core
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     */
    public function isRTE()
    {
        return (bool)$this->uc['edit_RTE'];
    }

    /**
     * Returns TRUE if the $value is found in the list in a $this->groupData[] index pointed to by $type (array key).
     * Can thus be users to check for modules, exclude-fields, select/modify permissions for tables etc.
     * If user is admin TRUE is also returned
     * Please see the document Inside TYPO3 for examples.
     *
Richard Haeser's avatar
Richard Haeser committed
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     * @param string $type The type value; "webmounts", "filemounts", "pagetypes_select", "tables_select", "tables_modify", "non_exclude_fields", "modules", "available_widgets"
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     * @param string $value String to search for in the groupData-list
     * @return bool TRUE if permission is granted (that is, the value was found in the groupData list - or the BE_USER is "admin")
     */
    public function check($type, $value)
    {
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        return isset($this->groupData[$type])
            && ($this->isAdmin() || GeneralUtility::inList($this->groupData[$type], $value));
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    }

    /**
     * Checking the authMode of a select field with authMode set
     *
     * @param string $table Table name
     * @param string $field Field name (must be configured in TCA and of type "select" with authMode set!)
     * @param string $value Value to evaluation (single value, must not contain any of the chars ":,|")
     * @param string $authMode Auth mode keyword (explicitAllow, explicitDeny, individual)
     * @return bool Whether access is granted or not
     */
    public function checkAuthMode($table, $field, $value, $authMode)
    {
        // Admin users can do anything:
        if ($this->isAdmin()) {
            return true;
        }
        // Allow all blank values:
        if ((string)$value === '') {
            return true;
        }
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        // Allow dividers:
        if ($value === '--div--') {
            return true;
        }
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        // Certain characters are not allowed in the value
        if (preg_match('/[:|,]/', $value)) {
            return false;
        }
        // Initialize:
        $testValue = $table . ':' . $field . ':' . $value;
        $out = true;
        // Checking value:
        switch ((string)$authMode) {
            case 'explicitAllow':
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                if (!GeneralUtility::inList($this->groupData['explicit_allowdeny'], $testValue . ':ALLOW')) {
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                    $out = false;
                }
                break;
            case 'explicitDeny':
                if (GeneralUtility::inList($this->groupData['explicit_allowdeny'], $testValue . ':DENY')) {
                    $out = false;
                }
                break;
            case 'individual':
                if (is_array($GLOBALS['TCA'][$table]) && is_array($GLOBALS['TCA'][$table]['columns'][$field])) {
                    $items = $GLOBALS['TCA'][$table]['columns'][$field]['config']['items'];
                    if (is_array($items)) {
                        foreach ($items as $iCfg) {
                            if ((string)$iCfg[1] === (string)$value && $iCfg[4]) {
                                switch ((string)$iCfg[4]) {
                                    case 'EXPL_ALLOW':
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                                        if (!GeneralUtility::inList(
                                            $this->groupData['explicit_allowdeny'],
                                            $testValue . ':ALLOW'
                                        )) {
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                                            $out = false;
                                        }
                                        break;
                                    case 'EXPL_DENY':
                                        if (GeneralUtility::inList($this->groupData['explicit_allowdeny'], $testValue . ':DENY')) {
                                            $out = false;
                                        }
                                        break;
                                }
                                break;
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
                break;
        }
        return $out;
    }

    /**
     * Checking if a language value (-1, 0 and >0 for sys_language records) is allowed to be edited by the user.
     *
     * @param int $langValue Language value to evaluate
     * @return bool Returns TRUE if the language value is allowed, otherwise FALSE.
     */
    public function checkLanguageAccess($langValue)
    {
        // The users language list must be non-blank - otherwise all languages are allowed.
        if (trim($this->groupData['allowed_languages']) !== '') {
            $langValue = (int)$langValue;
            // Language must either be explicitly allowed OR the lang Value be "-1" (all languages)
            if ($langValue != -1 && !$this->check('allowed_languages', $langValue)) {
                return false;
            }
        }
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * Check if user has access to all existing localizations for a certain record
     *
     * @param string $table The table
     * @param array $record The current record
     * @return bool
     */
    public function checkFullLanguagesAccess($table, $record)
    {
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        if (!$this->checkLanguageAccess(0)) {
            return false;
        }

        if (BackendUtility::isTableLocalizable($table)) {
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            $pointerField = $GLOBALS['TCA'][$table]['ctrl']['transOrigPointerField'];
            $pointerValue = $record[$pointerField] > 0 ? $record[$pointerField] : $record['uid'];
            $queryBuilder = GeneralUtility::makeInstance(ConnectionPool::class)->getQueryBuilderForTable($table);
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            $queryBuilder->getRestrictions()
                ->removeAll()
                ->add(GeneralUtility::makeInstance(DeletedRestriction::class))
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                ->add(GeneralUtility::makeInstance(WorkspaceRestriction::class, (int)$this->workspace));
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            $recordLocalizations = $queryBuilder->select('*')
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                ->from($table)
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                ->where(
                    $queryBuilder->expr()->eq(
                        $pointerField,
                        $queryBuilder->createNamedParameter($pointerValue, \PDO::PARAM_INT)
                    )
                )
                ->execute()
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                ->fetchAll();
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            foreach ($recordLocalizations as $recordLocalization) {
                if (!$this->checkLanguageAccess($recordLocalization[$GLOBALS['TCA'][$table]['ctrl']['languageField']])) {
                    return false;
                }
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            }
        }
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        return true;
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    }

    /**
     * Checking if a user has editing access to a record from a $GLOBALS['TCA'] table.
     * The checks does not take page permissions and other "environmental" things into account.
     * It only deal with record internals; If any values in the record fields disallows it.
     * For instance languages settings, authMode selector boxes are evaluated (and maybe more in the future).
     * It will check for workspace dependent access.
     * The function takes an ID (int) or row (array) as second argument.
     *
     * @param string $table Table name
     * @param mixed $idOrRow If integer, then this is the ID of the record. If Array this just represents fields in the record.
     * @param bool $newRecord Set, if testing a new (non-existing) record array. Will disable certain checks that doesn't make much sense in that context.
     * @param bool $deletedRecord Set, if testing a deleted record array.
     * @param bool $checkFullLanguageAccess Set, whenever access to all translations of the record is required
     * @return bool TRUE if OK, otherwise FALSE
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     * @internal should only be used from within TYPO3 Core
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     */
    public function recordEditAccessInternals($table, $idOrRow, $newRecord = false, $deletedRecord = false, $checkFullLanguageAccess = false)
    {
        if (!isset($GLOBALS['TCA'][$table])) {
            return false;
        }
        // Always return TRUE for Admin users.
        if ($this->isAdmin()) {
            return true;
        }
        // Fetching the record if the $idOrRow variable was not an array on input:
        if (!is_array($idOrRow)) {
            if ($deletedRecord) {
                $idOrRow = BackendUtility::getRecord($table, $idOrRow, '*', '', false);
            } else {
                $idOrRow = BackendUtility::getRecord($table, $idOrRow);
            }
            if (!is_array($idOrRow)) {
                $this->errorMsg = 'ERROR: Record could not be fetched.';
                return false;
            }
        }
        // Checking languages:
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        if ($table === 'pages' && $checkFullLanguageAccess && !$this->checkFullLanguagesAccess($table, $idOrRow)) {
            return false;
        }
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        if ($GLOBALS['TCA'][$table]['ctrl']['languageField']) {
            // Language field must be found in input row - otherwise it does not make sense.
            if (isset($idOrRow[$GLOBALS['TCA'][$table]['ctrl']['languageField']])) {
                if (!$this->checkLanguageAccess($idOrRow[$GLOBALS['TCA'][$table]['ctrl']['languageField']])) {
                    $this->errorMsg = 'ERROR: Language was not allowed.';
                    return false;
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                }
                if (
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                    $checkFullLanguageAccess && $idOrRow[$GLOBALS['TCA'][$table]['ctrl']['languageField']] == 0
                    && !$this->checkFullLanguagesAccess($table, $idOrRow)
                ) {
                    $this->errorMsg = 'ERROR: Related/affected language was not allowed.';
                    return false;
                }
            } else {
                $this->errorMsg = 'ERROR: The "languageField" field named "'
                    . $GLOBALS['TCA'][$table]['ctrl']['languageField'] . '" was not found in testing record!';
                return false;
            }
        }
        // Checking authMode fields:
        if (is_array($GLOBALS['TCA'][$table]['columns'])) {
            foreach ($GLOBALS['TCA'][$table]['columns'] as $fieldName => $fieldValue) {
                if (isset($idOrRow[$fieldName])) {
                    if (
                        $fieldValue['config']['type'] === 'select' && $fieldValue['config']['authMode']
                        && $fieldValue['config']['authMode_enforce'] === 'strict'
                    ) {
                        if (!$this->checkAuthMode($table, $fieldName, $idOrRow[$fieldName], $fieldValue['config']['authMode'])) {
                            $this->errorMsg = 'ERROR: authMode "' . $fieldValue['config']['authMode']
                                . '" failed for field "' . $fieldName . '" with value "'
                                . $idOrRow[$fieldName] . '" evaluated';
                            return false;
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        // Checking "editlock" feature (doesn't apply to new records)
        if (!$newRecord && $GLOBALS['TCA'][$table]['ctrl']['editlock']) {
            if (isset($idOrRow[$GLOBALS['TCA'][$table]['ctrl']['editlock']])) {
                if ($idOrRow[$GLOBALS['TCA'][$table]['ctrl']['editlock']]) {
                    $this->errorMsg = 'ERROR: Record was locked for editing. Only admin users can change this state.';
                    return false;
                }
            } else {
                $this->errorMsg = 'ERROR: The "editLock" field named "' . $GLOBALS['TCA'][$table]['ctrl']['editlock']
                    . '" was not found in testing record!';
                return false;
            }
        }
        // Checking record permissions
        // THIS is where we can include a check for "perms_" fields for other records than pages...
        // Process any hooks
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        foreach ($GLOBALS['TYPO3_CONF_VARS']['SC_OPTIONS']['t3lib/class.t3lib_userauthgroup.php']['recordEditAccessInternals'] ?? [] as $funcRef) {
            $params = [
                'table' => $table,
                'idOrRow' => $idOrRow,
                'newRecord' => $newRecord
            ];
            if (!GeneralUtility::callUserFunction($funcRef, $params, $this)) {
                return false;
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            }
        }
        // Finally, return TRUE if all is well.
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * Returns TRUE if the BE_USER is allowed to *create* shortcuts in the backend modules
     *
     * @return bool
     */
    public function mayMakeShortcut()
    {
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        return $this->getTSConfig()['options.']['enableBookmarks'] ?? false
            && !($this->getTSConfig()['options.']['mayNotCreateEditBookmarks'] ?? false);
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    }

    /**
     * Checking if editing of an existing record is allowed in current workspace if that is offline.
     * Rules for editing in offline mode:
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     * - record supports versioning and is an offline version from workspace and has the current stage
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     * - or record (any) is in a branch where there is a page which is a version from the workspace
     *   and where the stage is not preventing records
     *
     * @param string $table Table of record
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     * @param array|int $recData Integer (record uid) or array where fields are at least: pid, t3ver_wsid, t3ver_oid, t3ver_stage (if versioningWS is set)
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     * @return string String error code, telling the failure state. FALSE=All ok
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     * @internal should only be used from within TYPO3 Core
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     */
    public function workspaceCannotEditRecord($table, $recData)
    {
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        // Only test if the user is in a workspace
        if ($this->workspace === 0) {
            return false;
        }
        $tableSupportsVersioning = BackendUtility::isTableWorkspaceEnabled($table);
        if (!is_array($recData)) {
            $recData = BackendUtility::getRecord(
                $table,
                $recData,
                'pid' . ($tableSupportsVersioning ? ',t3ver_oid,t3ver_wsid,t3ver_stage' : '')
            );
        }
        if (is_array($recData)) {
            // We are testing a "version" (identified by having a t3ver_oid): it can be edited provided
            // that workspace matches and versioning is enabled for the table.
            if ($tableSupportsVersioning && (int)($recData['t3ver_oid'] ?? 0) > 0) {
                if ((int)$recData['t3ver_wsid'] !== $this->workspace) {
                    // So does workspace match?
                    return 'Workspace ID of record didn\'t match current workspace';
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                }
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                // So is the user allowed to "use" the edit stage within the workspace?
                return $this->workspaceCheckStageForCurrent(0)
                        ? false
                        : 'User\'s access level did not allow for editing';
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            }
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            // Check if we are testing a "live" record
            if ($this->workspaceAllowsLiveEditingInTable($table)) {
                // Live records are OK in the current workspace
                return false;
            }
            // If not offline, output error
            return 'Online record was not in a workspace!';
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        }
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        return 'No record';
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    }

    /**
     * Evaluates if a user is allowed to edit the offline version
     *
     * @param string $table Table of record
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     * @param array|int $recData Integer (record uid) or array where fields are at least: pid, t3ver_wsid, t3ver_stage (if versioningWS is set)
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     * @return string String error code, telling the failure state. FALSE=All ok
     * @see workspaceCannotEditRecord()
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     * @internal this method will be moved to EXT:workspaces
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     */
    public function workspaceCannotEditOfflineVersion($table, $recData)
    {
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        if (!BackendUtility::isTableWorkspaceEnabled($table)) {
            return 'Table does not support versioning.';
        }
        if (!is_array($recData)) {
            $recData = BackendUtility::getRecord($table, $recData, 'uid,pid,t3ver_oid,t3ver_wsid,t3ver_stage');
        }
        if (is_array($recData)) {
            if ((int)$recData['t3ver_oid'] > 0) {
                return $this->workspaceCannotEditRecord($table, $recData);
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            }
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            return 'Not an offline version';
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        }
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        return 'No record';
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    }

    /**
     * Check if "live" records from $table may be created or edited in this PID.
     * If the answer is FALSE it means the only valid way to create or edit records in the PID is by versioning
     * If the answer is 1 or 2 it means it is OK to create a record, if -1 it means that it is OK in terms
     * of versioning because the element was within a versionized branch
     * but NOT ok in terms of the state the root point had!
     *
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     * Note: this method is not in use anymore and will likely be deprecated in future TYPO3 versions.
     *