[TASK] Update PHP Parser to the latest release.

The current version of PHP Parser we're using doesn't support
all the new PHP 8.1 syntax yet.  So update it.

Used commands:
composer req "nikic/php-parser":"^4.13.2"
composer req "nikic/php-parser":"^4.13.2" \
  -d typo3/sysext/core --no-update
composer req "nikic/php-parser":"^4.13.2" \
  -d typo3/sysext/install --no-update

Resolves: #96612
Releases: main
Change-Id: Ifb4afebccef0b2e7e6d28e597a85813d06bcb5d4
52 jobs for main.73119.4 in 14 minutes and 52 seconds (queued for 8 seconds)