[TASK] Update PHP Parser to the latest release.

The current version of PHP Parser we're using doesn't support
all the new PHP 8.1 syntax yet.  So update it.

Used commands:
composer req "nikic/php-parser":"^4.13.2"
composer req "nikic/php-parser":"^4.13.2" -d typo3/sysext/core --no-update
composer req "nikic/php-parser":"^4.13.2" -d typo3/sysext/install --no-update

Resolves: #96612
Releases: master
Change-Id: Ifb4afebccef0b2e7e6d28e597a85813d06bcb5d4
51 jobs for main.73119.2 in 11 minutes and 1 second (queued for 12 seconds)